Today’s post is all about the CAGED system. You may or may not have heard of this term before, however, the acronym “CAGED” essentially stands for the 5 major chords: C – A – G – E – D.
There is some controversy out there debating whether or not learning the CAGED system is advantageous or not. That’s why in this article, I’d like to go over exactly what the CAGED system is, what it’s used for, and the pros and cons of learning it.
Hopefully, by the end of this post, you’ll be able to make an informed decision for yourself, based on this information, whether or not you should learn the CAGED system.
What Is the CAGED System?
As I’ve mentioned above, the CAGED system derives its name from the 5 basic open chord shapes: C – A – G – E – D. The purpose of learning this system is to provide you with a clearer depiction of how the guitar fretboard works.
Note: This system only works in standard guitar tuning.
As you may or may not already know, depending on your level of experience, you can play the same guitar chords at various places on the fretboard.
The CAGED system provides you with a template that you can use to easily find where you need to be in order to play the same chord in a different place on the fretboard.
Now you may be saying to yourself “great but how will I remember what chord shape I need to make in order to play a D major for example in a different location on the fretboard?”. Well, that’s easy, using the CAGED system, you just need to know the shapes of the 5 basic chords (C – A – G – E – D).
The rest is just knowing which fret to start on. This will become much clearer with an example.
Visualizing CAGED on the Fretboard
This first step in learning how the CAGED system works is knowing the shapes of the 5 basic open chords that make the acronym. If anyone needs a quick refresher on what each chord shape looks like, I’ve included a chart of each chord below.
Now that we know what our 5 chord shapes are, we can start plotting these on the fretboard. For this example, we’ll be starting in the key of C, therefore the chord shapes will progress naturally from C to A to G to E to D and then repeat.
However, if we were to start in the key of G for example, then the order would be G – E – D – C – A and repeat.
The trick to plotting these chord shapes on the fretboard is to find the lowest root note of the particular chord shape and then start from there. For example, to use the A shape to play a C chord we know that the lowest root note for the A chord is located on the open 5th string.
Therefore, we need to find where the C note is on the 5th string of the fretboard. If you aren’t familiar with the notes on the fretboard yet, you can reference the diagram below.
As we can see, the C note on the 5th string is located on the 3rd fret. This means, to play our C chord, using the open A chord shape, we will need to start on the 3rd fret of the 5th string and then form the shape from there.
Note: Since the open chords above have open notes, you’ll need to turn these into closed-chord shapes. Simply barre the open notes as you move along the fretboard in order to transpose the chords properly.
This results in the following chord shape.
That’s how we play the C major chord using the A major chord shape. Now let’s move on to the next chord in the list: G major. To play C major using the G major shape, we follow the same principle.
Find the lowest root that G major uses (which is G located on the 3rd fret of the 6th string). Now that we know our starting point will be on the 6th string, we find where the C note is located on that string, which is on the 8th fret. Now we can use that as our starting point and simply plot the G open chord shape from there.
Note: Again, remember to barre the notes that would otherwise be played open on a regular G open chord
The resulting chord looks like this:
Hopefully, the basic concept of how to use the CAGED system is becoming a little clearer by now. Try to use the same concepts as above and plot the remaining 2 chord shapes on your fretboard to play in the key of C.
Hint: the E major shape will begin at the 8th fret on the 6th string and the D major shape will begin on the 10th fret of the 4th string.
The image below gives a high-level view of all 5 chords plotted on the fretboard using the CAGED system. I’ve highlighted the lowest root note in green to show which note you’ll start on for each chord shape.
CAGED Example in the Key of F
You should now have a better picture of how the CAGED system works in the key of C. You really just need to follow the same process for any other key but it may be easier to visualize if we go through another example.
This time, I’ll demonstrate what the CAGED system looks like for a key that’s not part of CAGED collection of chords – the key of F.
Let’s say we play the F barre chord starting on the 1st fret of the 6th string, what shape does that make? Well, it makes the E shape. Therefore, if you’re starting on the first fret then you’ll follow the order: E – D – C – A – G. This means the following:
- Your D shape will start on the 3rd fret of the 4th string
- Your C shape will start on the 8th fret of the 5th string
- Your A shape will start on the 8th fret of the 5th string
- Your G shape will start on the 11th fret of the 6th string
- Finally, you’ll be back to the E shape starting on the 11th fret of the 6th string
For a similar diagram to the one above, this time using the E shape as your starting point on the 1st fret, check out the image below.
What Is the CAGED System Used For?
The CAGED system is useful for a few reasons. I won’t go into too much detail here, however, once you learn CAGED you’ll become much more familiar with the notes on the guitar fretboard. This can help with:
- Knowing where to play your guitar scales for a particular key
- Playing arpeggios
- Playing different chord voicings instead of the same regular open chord over and over again
- Coming up with licks
The CAGED system also helps you with getting a better grasp of your overall fretboard and knowing where the notes are located.
Being familiar with your root notes (especially on the 5th and 6th strings) is extremely important because it opens up a whole new world of playing possibilities.
CAGED System Drawbacks
Now, so far I’ve been pretty pro CAGED system. However, according to some, there are also some drawbacks to learning and using the CAGED system. A few highlighted drawbacks include:
- You might struggle to improvise guitar solos
- Requires a mediocre amount of memorization
- Becomes harder to play with emotion
- Makes it harder to use arpeggios creatively.
In my opinion, of course, these drawbacks are valid points IF the CAGED system is the only thing you learn. However, the way I see it, it is another tool to add to your arsenal. You can take advantage of its benefits when appropriate but also break out of it if need be. Playing music should not be about sticking to one concrete system anyway, you should always be experimenting and trying out new things.
Should You Learn it or Not?
I (and many others) believe that the CAGED system is a valuable concept to learn. It really helps you visualize which shapes to use in which locations in order to produce the sound that you want. Furthermore, it uses a pretty basic set of 5 super easy chords that you just need to transpose.
I, however, would not suggest you try to take on this system right from the beginning. It does require a bit of background information such as fretboard note memorization and the ability to play barre chords (all of which you can learn from one of these best online guitar lesson platforms).
Overall, the CAGED system helps “crack the code” of learning where certain notes are located all along your guitar’s fretboard. It takes advantage of 5 simple open chord shapes: C – A – G – E – D that’ll allow you to break out of the cycle of playing what you’re used to.
Be creative and give the CAGED system a try!
A good lesson. Your arguments for it and explanatory graphics are well thought out. It is probably a useful system of knowledge.I have looked at this system for some time. To be frank,instead of steve, i find a couple of things off-putting about it. The primary gripe concerns that G shape with the barre behind it. Torturous. Any way around that? Secondly, when learned, i have that feeling, “so what”? Perhaps i lack the imagination to see it as a truly useful tool. I am going to give it a go one more time. Thank you for your good effort in putting this together.
Hi Stephen ,
I’ll let you know what I do with the G shape Barre as I totally agree it’s a pain to get down. I especially do this when playing arpeggios. With the G shape when barring the 2nd, 3rd and 4th strings this alone creates a 1,3,5 major chord.
Using C major , the Barre on the 5th fret is notes e, c , g , which is all you need for your C maj triad.
The nice thing doing this with the G shape is the 1st string also contains the note of the key your playing in so just doing your Barre on 2,3,4 plus playing the 1st string works as a great alternative whether your voicing or arpeggiating.
Hope this helps